Moon Phases Diagram

Meet Moon! She’s more than just a rock―she’s Earth’s rock, her best friend she can always count on. Moon never turns her back on her friend (literally: she’s always facing Earth with the same side!). These two will stick together forever.

Moon! Earth’s Best Friend

In this excercise we will create a diagram to learn about the Moon and the phases of the Moon. Our Moon is amazing! It changes every day and goes through a cycle of different phases every month. As the Moon changes we notice changes on Earth too.

This excercise does not involve creating a chart on a computer. We will use a piece of paper, paint, markers and stensils (if you have at hand).

A Moon cycle starts with a New Moon. A New Moon phase is when the Moon is positioned between the Earth and the Sun. In this moment the Sun shines on the side of the Moon that is never visible from Earth while the side that can be visible is completely dark. We can never see a New Moon in the sky. But as the Moon starts its journey around the Earth, the Sun shines on parts of the side of the Moon that we can see and we start to notice these little parts of the Moon in the sky at night. It appears each night as if the Moon is growing, and that is because it is growing. It takes around 16 days for the Moon to reach its phase Full Moon. This appears when the Moon is opposite the Sun and the Sun shines entirely the side of the Moon that is visible from Earth. At night in the Sky we can see our Moon in its full glory, beautiful, shining on us and lighting the night. Then the Moon starts to get smaller each night as it keeps its journey around the Earth and parts of it become dark again. Until it reaches the end of the cycle. So that a new cycle begins.

Keep in mind that the Moon moves around the Earth counterclockwise. This means in your diagram the Moon cycle starts on the left.

So get your supplies ready – a piece of paper, paint and markers. Paint your sky, the Sun, the Earth and the phases of the Moon. Color them in whatever color you like.

Here is a list of the Moon phases:

  • New Moon
  • Waxing Crescent
  • First Quarter
  • Waxing Gibbous
  • Full Moon
  • Waning Gibbous
  • Last Quarter
  • Waning Gibbous
  • New Moon

Waxing Moon are the phases between New Moon and Full Moon.

Waning Moon are the phases between Full Moon and the next New Moon.

A Crescent Moon is when we see less than half of the surface of the Moon.

A Gibbous Moon is when we see more than half of the surface of the Moon.

Enjoy this excercise and don’t forget to check out our other space excercise where we draw and paint a Solar System infographic.

Published by Stela

I find data out-of-sights, one beautiful bar chart at a time! I also like to tell stories with data that inform and inspire!

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